If you're new here, you may want to subscribe to my RSS feed. Thanks for visiting! Bones has their major growth spurts during the adolescent period of life. Eating disorders are very common during this time. If anorexia and bulimia aren’t under control the adolescent not only will experience complex illnesses but could possibly die. Well nourished food must be a teenagers diet. The growing spurts will determine the nutritional intake.
The third common chronic illness is eating disorders. Adolescents females number of eating disorders has been on the rising rapidly the past thirty years. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the two subcategories of eating disorders. When food intake is restrictive and limited severely one is said to have anorexia. However, in bulimia the disorder is when the adolescent binges and then attempts to minimize the effects by vomiting forcibly, fasting, and catharsis (over exercising). Eating disorders of adolescents must be handled differently from adult eating disorders. Problems that faces the teenagers are growth retardation, suppressed height, abnormal weight, pubertal delay, menstrual periods absences, and menses unpredictability.
Other issues include critical tissue components loss like body fat, muscle mass and bone mineral. Nutritional imbalance can not be easily recognized clinically such as vitamins level, mineral and other trace elements. The essential building blocks of growth in the teenager are protein and calories. Due to problems if these two are not in maintained in levels needed for growth healthy adulthood is not attainable. Early diagnosis of adolescence eating disorders is very important. If eating disorders aren’t found in adolescents and addressed during the peak formation of bones is impaired thus resulting in osteoporosis in adulthood. Bones are not the only effected areas internal organs are also targets.
All of this can be prevented by early intervention. Unhealthy eating habits can lead to unhealthy weight control practices which are based on adolescents being obsessive about their figure, weight, food or exercise and should be treated clinically. When symptoms are noticed they should be watched for their duration, intensity and frequency. Physical complications due to eating disorder can be resolved with help of nutritional rehabilitation. A number of the conditions are irreversible and result in long term consequences which are very dangerous. To prevent irreparable damage it is imperative that these disorders be recognized in the early stages. Medical monitoring should be pursued till the adolescent returns to appropriate psychological and mental health.
Teenagers with eating disorders are “sucked” into social isolation, low self esteem, affective disorders, low self concept, substance abuse, and depression. More than likely depression is the switch that moves the adolescent into the eating disorders of anorexia and bulimia in the first place. Even if the habits doesn’t fit the strict criteria, adolescents who limit food intake, binge, vomit or purge accompanied with or without harsh weight loss, should be monitored because of the involvement of risk of even death. Bottom line is the earlier the treatment better the outcome.